If you suffer from atrial fibrillation or AFib—a condition where you have an irregular heartbeat—, then you run a higher risk of undergoing a stroke.
Your primary physician or a specialist will be able to provide prescription medications that can help to keep your case of AFib under control. These will also help to reduce your risk of stroke.
AFib Stroke Medications
Most medications work by regulating the heart rate and rhythm. Anticoagulants or blood thinners are types of medications that physicians typically prescribe to those with AFib. These also help to prevent blood clots, but most of these medicines necessitate a monthly blood test to monitor its effects.
A side effect of anticoagulants is that you may be more susceptible to bruising or bleeding more easily.
Heart rate-controlling medications such as beta-blockers and calcium channel blockers are also available. These work by slowing down an abnormally fast heart rate to normalize it.
Medications that help control the rhythm of your heart include sodium channel blockers and potassium channel blockers. Both types of medications impede the rate of electrical signals going through your heart, stabilizing your heartbeat as a result.
If your doctor has found that a medication does not suffice to improve your condition, then surgery is also another option. You may end up getting a pacemaker inserted near your collarbone which works by keeping the heartbeat under control.
It is also important to maintain a healthy lifestyle and diet to bolster the effect of your medication and to also keep your heart in a healthy state. Try to cut down on excessive drinking and caffeine; avoid smoking; and limit the amount of sugar, salt, and fats in your diet to maintain an ideal weight.
Your doctor ultimately possesses more in-depth information regarding all AFib treatment options.
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